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Node Handshake

When nodes connect the issue a connection handshake in order to ensure compatibility between the two nodes. The handshake informs the peer of its:

Neither Node should send any data other than a Version message to the peer until it has also received a Version message. Once a node has received (and sent) a Version message, it may send a Verack message. Once each Node has sent and received a Verack message, normal node operation may begin.

Sequence Diagram

When a local Node initiates a connection to a remote Node, the remote Node will remain silent it receives a version message.

1. Local sends Version Message to Remote containing Local's Version Number.

2. Remote sends Version Message containing Remote's Version Number.

3. If Local's Version Number is compatible, Remote uses the lower of the two Version Numbers and sends Verack Message.

4. If Remote's Version Number is compatible, Local uses the lower of the two Version Numbers and sends Verack Message.

Local->>Remote: Version
    Note Right of Remote: #35;1
Remote->>Local: Version
    Note Left of Local:  #35;2
Remote->>Local: Verack
    Note Left of Local:  #35;3
Local->>Remote: Verack
    Note Right of Remote:  #35;4

The Remote Node may send a Verack message before it sends its own Version messages.

A Node may only send a Version message once.

Although a Node may connect to itself, it is usually undesired. Nodes typically check for a connection to itself by checking if the nonce provided by a Version message is a nonce it has used recently.